The technology used to create Damascus steel became so guarded over the centuries it was eventually lost. Modern scientific study has been able to identify many of the original techniques used, but not completely recreate it. Scientists have found nanowires, carbon nanotubes, exotic microalloying elements and characteristics of super plasticity in ancient Damascus swords.
The history behind Damascus steel is one of the most compelling aspects of this metal. Damascus was a type of steel used in the Middle Eastern sword making. While the exact origins of the craft are unknown, the blacksmiths producing Damascus became famous for the quality of their superior weaponry. The name Damascus steel stems from either the original Syrian blacksmiths originating the art or the Damask pattern itself.
While modern production processes can produce metals with all of these characteristics, the presence of these high-tech elements from an ancient art is what made them so advanced for their time, revered, and eventually the source of legend. Content provided by Lashbrook Designs